Skipped to content

Vessel Arrival System - Newcastle

Following the 2007 grounding of the vessel Pasha Bulka due to a severe storm event, a Vessel Arrival System (VAS) was developed and introduced to Newcastle.  The system, the first of its kind in the world, enhances port safety, efficiency and reduces environmental impacts. 

The VAS provides an opportunity for arriving vessels to manage their voyage speed time to minimise time at anchor. As a result of the introduction of the VAS at Newcastle a significant reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and fuel oil consumption (FOC) have been observed. Additionally, the VAS has also increased voyage efficiency.  Some key outcomes are:

  • When comparing pre-and post-VAS implementation, time in port was reduced by approximately 50%
  • Average voyage speed was 23% lower, meaning less fuel is used per voyage
  • FOC and GHG emissions falling 18% per voyage

When compared to another similar port, looking at the same vessels, key outcomes of the VAS are:

  • a GHG emissions saving of 13.2% for the entire voyage (including anchorage and berth time).
  • the average waiting time at anchorage is 10 hours shorter in Newcastle, leading to a GHG emission saving at anchorage per vessel of 29.2% (8 tonnes of emission reduction per vessel).
  • A significantly higher berth efficiency and less time spent at berth, leading to an emission saving per vessel at berth of over 50% (10.5 tonnes of emission reduction per vessel).

The Vessel Arrival System initiative supports the following sustainability opportunity areas and UN Sustainable Development Goals:


  • Optimising operations

Increasing operational efficiency and excellence, using data and technology to improve service delivery and implementing and improving on policies and guidelines to support our sustainability goals.



  • Strategic partnerships and Partnering on operational and environmental goals

Strategically partner with other organisations to design and implement sustainability initiatives to achieve improved collective impacts and operational efficiencies.